Torginol Paints Inc., a member of the Continental Group of Companies, was incorporated in 1960 by the late Founder/Chairman Mr. Swarn Kumar Puri.
Torginol manufactures a diversified range of paint and paint-related products for every surface. The products, branded under Torga and Arbo brand names, carry a wide range of quality items covering decorative, industrial, commercial, furniture and other finishes.
There are many important factors to consider prior to painting which will affect the success of your painting project.
- Reduction of Finishing Materials
- Stirring of Pigmented Products
- Temperature and Atmospheric Conditions
1.Reduction of Finishing Materials
Improper thinning is one of the most widespread abuses of painting and almost invariable produces inferior or unsatisfactory results. Painting materials are delicately balanced formulations which produce correct hiding, levelling, drying, lustre, colour retention and durability. Unauthorised, excessive, or incorrect thinning upsets the balance of a formula and most often causes a shoddy paint job.
Explicit directions for the use of the material are printed on the label of each can of all Torginol Products. If a product is designed to be reduced by the user, the exact amount of the particular thinner to be used is definitely specified. If no reduction is specified, the product should be used exactly as it comes from the can.
2.Stirring of Pigmented Products
Insufficient stirring, both before and during application, often causes unsatisfactory results. Pigment particles are heavier and gravity causes them to layer out. In storage and in use, pigments have a tendency to settle and reduce the normal pigment-vehicle balance. Unless the coating is thoroughly mixed prior to application and during use the paint or stain will not hide properly and the finish colour will be off shade. Stirring of settled material is more easily accomplished by first pouring the liquid off into another container. The paste in the bottom should be stirred and the liquid poured back while stirring continues. Stirring penetrating stain products is very important both before and during application.
3.Temperatures and Atmospheric Conditions
Paints and varnishes are temperature sensitive, the ideal application temperature is 70° F (21° C). Lower temperatures and cold surfaces increase viscosity and thicken the paint. The products do not brush quite so easily and heavier coats result. This fact, coupled with the slower evaporation of solvent, may result in runs or sags on vertical surfaces or wrinkling. The gloss of the finish may also decrease due to the low temperature. At temperatures below 50° F (21°C), the resin or emulsified particles in latex tints do not fuse together to form a film. This results in a tender film lacking in adhesion, washability, or durability.
Elevated temperatures decrease viscosity and thin the paint. The paint or varnish becomes more fluid. They brush more easily and thinner coats result. Again, runs and sags may be evident because of their greater fluidity. The gloss of the finish may also decrease when subjected to high temperature.
In general, paints or varnishes dry more rapidly and more uniformly when the humidity is low. Moisture-laden air is less receptive to the evaporation of solvent than dry air and can retard their drying. This may result in the finish drying with a lower gloss and also allows dirt and dust to settle on the film or result in wrinkling.
Ventilation should be provided during and after the application of any coating. Ventilation helps remove the volatile portion from the film. A strong draft may affect the uniformity of lustre of interior enamels and varnishes. A freshly coated surface should be protected from a strong draft
Mildew or mould is a minute plant organism of a parasitic nature which grows on surfaces supplying food (organic material such as wood, certain paints, textiles, paper). Warm, dark and moist conditions are favourable for growth of mildew. Mildew is often confused with other stains such as gas discoloration, dirt or rust. It is usually recognisable by the following characteristics:
a. Mildew has a blotchy appearance. The discoloration is not uniform.
b. It is frequently powdery and almost always present as a surface condition.
c. It occurs in localities and situations where atmospheric humidity has been persistently high or where the underlying surface has been damp.
Mildew bleaches out if it is touched with a few drops of household bleach. Dirt and gas discolorations are not affected.
Complete sterilisation of the surface is needed before painting. Bare or painted wood should be scrubbed with the following solution:
Household bleach – 1 quart Powdered non-ammoniated household detergent – 1 tablespoon Add warm water to make 1 gallon Rinse thoroughly and allow to dry Be sure no water is left in crevices Paint promptly to avoid reinfection.
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